Thursday, February 02, 2017

hasn't VS. doesn't have - Great student question! (Updated with video 2018)

Hasn't VS. Doesn't have


One of my private students in Japan asked me:
He hasn't any money. Or He doesn't have any money. Which is correct?
I'll explain with some examples ~

We use the verb "have" 2 ways in English. One way is as the main verb ~ 
I have time on Wednesday.
Mike has the project files.
Have is the main verb


Another way is as an auxiliary (helper) verb - it helps the main verb ~ example sentences
I'vbeen to Mexico twice.
Has anyone seen Karen today?
Have is the auxiliary verb in these sentences. The main verbs are been ~the past participle of the verb to be~ and seen ~the past participle of the verb to see.



When have is the main verb in a sentence we will use the the verb do as an auxiliary verb for the negative. (don't/doesn't) 




Let's look at the negative form of our first 2 example sentences:
I don't have time tomorrow.
Mike doesn't have the project files anymore. He gave them to Kevin.
Have is the main verb

When have is the auxiliary verb in a sentence we will use it's negative form (haven't/hasn't). 




Let's look at the negative form of our other 2 example sentences:
I have been to Mexico but I haven't been to Australia yet.
Hasn't anyone seen Karen today?
Have is the auxiliary verb

Hasn't anyone seen Mike?

So.... Which is correct?

He hasn't any money.
Or
He doesn't have any money. 



He doesn't have any money!



Was this post helpful for you?
Please share it with your friends!

Check out these other great posts too!
🔻




5 Phrasal verbs using GO!
・Lots of natural examples that you can use
・Watch the video as you read the blog post
・Great listening practice!

Correctly use the verbs 
LEND and BORROW in English! 
・Don’t confuse these words anymore!
・Sound like a native speaker!
VIDEO and more!

Share your ideas and opinions in English! (Sound like a native!)

Giving your Opinion  💭  – Expressing your feeling 💬 In this post you will learn some natural expressions and phrases that we use  in...

Most Popular posts from the last 30 days!